Newspaper articles are the History of Shooting in Australia - from TROVE

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  • Newspaper articles are the History of Shooting in Australia - from TROVE

    Maybe you will find some family history here

    Edited Text by yours truly

    "RIFLE SHOOTING NOTES" 06 Jun 1925 -

    Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954), Saturday 6 June 1925, page 9


    The recent illness of Mr. P. W. Topham (hon. secretary) has interfered considerably with organising work for the annual prize meeting of the Miniature Union. Intending competitors are notified that entries will be received on the range and club secretaries are asked to draw the attention of members to the meeting and thus, assist in making the fixture a success. The programme is at- tractive, and is or the same lines as last year, when an excellent entry was received.

    From the secretary (Mr. W. H. Gold) the programme of the forty-second annual prize meeting of the Southern Queensland Rifle Association has been received. Prize money for the fixture is £2,200. The main event is the King's prize, for which £620 has been provided. The stages are:— First 300, 500, and 600 yards, prize money £121, second 600 and 700 yards £65, third 700 and 900 yards £63. Competitors will be allowed ten shots at each distance. The first prize is the King's Aggregate is £50, and there are. various other awards amounting to £316. In A series there are six other individual events. The prize money and distances for these are:— No. 2, 300 yards, ten shots, £102; No. 3, 600 yards, ten shots, £102; No. 4, the same; No. 5, 700 yards, ten shots, £102; No. 6, 900 yards, £102. The next event the Commonwealth Ag gregate, carries a first prize of £30 and gold medal for the highest scorer in matches No. 2, 3, 4, and 5. Total awards are £225. B series is open to all riflemen (including interstate) who have not won a prize of £3 since December 31, 1921. The usual teams events are on the programme. COMMONWEALTH MATCH The State championship of Australia will be contested at the Brisbane meeting on Saturday, October 3. As far as is known all States will be represented, although Wes tern Australia is doubtful. South Australia won in 1907 with a record score, which stood until the same State eclipsed it in Perth in 1922. DISTANCES ALLOTTED At a meeting of the Metropolitan Union Council held during the week the following allotment of distances for the half-year end ing December 31 were made: — July 4, 700 yards; July 9, annual business meeting; July 11, 800 yards; July 25, 500 yards; August 1, 600 yards; August 8, 300 yards, first inter-club teams: August 15, 300 yards; August 22, 800 yards; August 29, 500 yards; September 5, 500 yards, second interclub teams; Sep tember 12. 900 yards; September 19, associa-tion prize meeting; September 26, 800 yards; October 3, 300 yards; October 10, 500 yards; October 17, 600 yards; October 24, 600 yards, third interclub teams; October 31, 200 yards; November 7, 300 yards, Metropolitan Handi-cap; November 14, 700 yards; November 21, 900 yards; November 28, 600 yards; December 5, 500 yards; December 12, 700 yards; Decem-ber 19, 800 yards; December 26, 200 yards. INTERSTATE MINIATURE The recent series of interstate matches for the B.S.A. Shield resulted in a tie between New South Wales and Victoria. The shoot-off will not take place until next week. UNIFORMITY IN RIFLES Speaking at a rifle club meeting in Mel-bourne last week, Col. Merret (chairman of Commonwealth Council of Rifle Associations) emphasised the necessity of a uniform rifle for civilian and military riflemen, and instanced the success achieved with long rifles after five inches of the barrel had been cut off. The War Office, he stated, was not altogether pleased with the light barrel of the short rifle. It is believed that the latest short rifles which are being made for the British Army are fitted with a much heavier barrel, which would add greatly to its efficiency. With regard to ammunition, it is reported that there are excellent pros-pects of the grant for each efficient being increased from 150 rounds to 250. There is no likelihood of mark VI, ammunition being issued for another six or seven years.

    Nearly all of the metropolitan clubs com-plete the year in June, and for the nest few weeks championship finals will be the order of the day. Club secretaries are re-quested to forward championship results as soon as possible after completion of firing to ensure publication in this column. MURRAY BRIDGE Wintry weather prevailed on May 30, when the year's programme was wound up by a final shoot over 500 and 600 yards. T. V. Williams won the day's stage and topped the scores off the rifle. This member has been shooting brilliantly of late. Scores for the day:— T. V. Williams, 34, 31 (2)— 67; S. Deed, 33, 31 (scr.)— 64; R. H. Lake, 29, 32 (2)—63; C. L. Lehman, 33, 29 (1)— 63; A. T. Potter, 29, 29 (5)— 63; C. T. Parish, S3, 28 (2)—63; M. W. Parish, 31, 30 (scr.)— 61; H. R. Jobling, 28, 30 (3)— 61; G. Y. Watts, 30, 28 (3)— 61; J. Porteous, 29, 27 (4)— 60; J. L. Watts, 33, 26 (1)— 60; A. Patterson, 29, 26 (4)— 59; A. Pat terson, 29. 26 (4)— 59; W. Ridgway, 27, 27 (4)—58; L. J. Foreman, 22, 17 (11)— 50. Also fired— K. O'Brien, 23, 13 (— )— 36. Following are /the results of the year's competitions:— Championship — M. W. Parish, 618 points; C. L. Lehman, 617; S. Deed, 615; R. H. Lake, 607. MacKay Trophy— C. L. Lehmann, 513 points R. H. Lake, 512; J. L. Watts, 510; S. Deed, 509. Retailers' Association Trophy — R. H. Lake, 321 points; G. Y. Watts, C. L. Lehmann, and J. L. Watts, 317 points each; the count out places G. Watts second, L. Watts third, and Lehmann fourth. Long Range Trophy — G. Y. Watts, 128 points: T. Williams, .122; C. L. Lehmann, 119. Provis Trophy— T. V. Williams, S.Deed, and C. L. Lehmann each scored 196 (the shoot off placing them in this order), and A. Patterson, 195. Club. Trophy (decided on points)— T. V. Williams. 10 points: A. Patterson, 8; G. Y. and J. L. Watts with 7 points divide the third prize. S.A.R.A Spoon— T. V. Williams and J. L Watts scored 132 points each. The shoot off resulted in a win for Williams. The tie shots were:— Williams, 4, 3, 5, 4, 5—21. Watts— 4, 2, 4, 4, 4—18. The year will be wound up on Monday with the annual prize meeting. An attrac-tive programme has been arranged. Entry for the meeting is 2/6, and prize money £12, divided up in the usual manner. Nominations for the Hawker meeting will close at Gordon's Agency at 4 p.m., or at 10 pm with the secretary at Hawker on Wednesday next. Weights, June 17. Acceptances and entries for Novice and District Race, June 24. * * * Broken Hill Cup Carnival nomina-tions will close on Monday, June 15, at Gordon's Agency at 4 p.m., or at 5 p.m. with the secretaries at Broken Hill.

    Roo Cull.... next week
    The TRUTH is out there,
    the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
    We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

    And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
    That's why he is made of Chocolate.

  • #2
    Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), Thursday 24 May 1928, page 10


    ROSEDALE, Wednesday. - The first kangaroo hunt organised by the Willung Hunt Club under the supervision of Mr. Clift, an inspector of the Fisheries and Game department, to-day was not as successful as had been expected. Thirty guns at-tended, and 21 kangaroos, six wallabies, and a few
    foxes were shot.

    TROVE -

    Next week 1888 Roo Hunt NSW
    The TRUTH is out there,
    the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
    We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

    And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
    That's why he is made of Chocolate.


    • #3
      Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW : 1881 - 1940), Saturday 7 July 1888, page 3

      Kangaroo Hunt.

      A correspondent writes :-A. very successful hunt took place at Willow Glen lest Saturday week. Wallaby and kangaroo to the number of 160 were killed. A gentleman from Braidwood was "ringer" with 36 to his name. About half the number mentioned were kangaroos, amongst them being some very " old men," who were stripped of their skins before they were cold. Hares are making their way here. We saw three, but did not shoot any. I am afraid they will soon become plentiful in the district.

      Trove -

      Next week 1956 GOONDIWNDI Roo hunt
      The TRUTH is out there,
      the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
      We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

      And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
      That's why he is made of Chocolate.


      • #4
        Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956), Thursday 5 January 1956, page 6

        Kangaroo Hunt

        GOONDIWINDI, January 3. -Fifty kangaroos were destroyed in a drive by friends and neighbours at Yagaburne station, the property of Mr H. H. Glasser, chairman of the Waggamba Shire Council.
        The animals come long distances to feed on Rhodes grass pastures and have become a major nuisance.
        Mr Glasser said the catch could have been 200. The wind changed as the hunt began and put the kangaroos on the scent, many circling out of range.

        Trove -

        Next week 1925 Rabbit Trapping
        The TRUTH is out there,
        the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
        We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

        And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
        That's why he is made of Chocolate.


        • #5
          Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954), Saturday 6 June 1925, page 2


          Not a Soft Job CONSTANT CARE AND TOIL

          (By L.O.)

          During a holiday last week I had the opportunity of watching and as-sisting in the daily round of a rabbit trapper, who was working about 50 miles south of Adelaide. This man has been making between £10 and £12 a week from the bunnies' recently, but, of course, that average cannot be main-tained throughout the year.

          City people are inclined to the opinion that the rabbiter has an easy time, and that his is a 'real holiday of a job,' but I discovered in direct association with this specialist that he has more strenuous work than the average unionist, be he laborer or artisan. My friend was work-ing about 80 traps, and on good mornings from these he collected between 40 and 50 rabbits. Occasionally he found a trap missing, although they were all staked into the ground. In rare instances, when a fox gets caught, he will escape with the trap, but usually Reynard if gripped by one leg will gnaw off the captive limb and get away on three legs. Going through the morning traps and placing the victims in a bran bag is no soft job. When the bag is full of rab-bits it is a tidy weight, and when I offered to carry the sack to the dray, a distance of a few hundred yards, I was sorry I took it on. Something over a cwt. of rabbits on one's back is worse than lumping wheat. Often the trapper has to carry the bag long distances through the scrub. If the catching is good it is a big morn-ing's work making the collection. Then there is the task of setting the traps in the afternoon. If certain traps are not getting results they have to be removed, and walking round with a few dozen gin traps over the shoulder is toil. For the information of those intending to take on this work, I might mention that the traps are placed about two feet from the opening to the burrow, which at the entrance usually has a three feet ramp. Perhaps I am giving away a pro-fessional secret, but the amateur thinks that if he conceals his gin trap at the opening of a rabbit's home the latter is sure to get caught. Experience proves, however, that the proper method is to set the trap two feet from the opening. Bunny comes out with a rush, but when his head gets on a level with the ground (two feet up the ramp from the mouth of the borrow) he stops dead to inspect the country, on the look-out for enemeis. prior to venturing further afield. The trap should be screened on the spot where the rabbit 'props' — then he is firmly cap-tured. WASTED FOOD When the rabbits were taken to the shack my rabbiter amazed me with the lightning manner in which he divested the carcases of their hides. I timed him and he averaged five every two minutes— 50 rabbits were skinned in 20 minutes I enquired whether there would not be

          a ready market for the rabbit flesh, in Adelaide, but, he informed me, it was too much work for one man to look after the skins and also rail the carcases. It was necessary to have regular customers in Adelaide, who had to be kept going with regular supplies, and that meant nothing but work. He found it more profitable to concentrate on the skins. These rabbit trappers are conservative and don't believe in introducing anyone else into their business, although it ap-peared to me that this man should take in a partner and let him take on the rabbit meat as a side line. Rabbit trapping is a fine heatlhy life, and in the vicinity we were working, a few miles west of Lake Alexandrina, there was any amount of sport, shooting in the swamps and scrub. Indications are numerous that foxes are plentiful in this district, but it is not very often a gunner gets one. Reynard seems to disappear sud-denly in open country, and unlike the native game, he will hide and let the sportsman pass close to him. However, he takes bait readily if strychnine is placed in a tasty bird or something he particu-larly likes. His appetite is such that even his native cunning does not prevent his gluttony governing his actions. NOT AN EASY JOB Despite the attractions of the country and the healthy, invigorating open-air life. I could not stand the strain of rabbit trapping more than about one day a month. Trapping animals is sickening work at times, as the victims, caught by the legs, frequently have to remain alive in the traps for lengthy periods. Of course, it is the only method by which the rabbiter could make money, as shoot-ing would be too haphazard and expen-sive. Landowners welcome the trapper in order to clean out the pest from their properties. It is often asked when the number of unemployed is particularly large in the cities — 'Why don't they go and trap rabbits in the country?' A brief experience has been sufficient for many a man who is not afraid of hard work.

          Trove -

          Next week - October 1943 Crocodile Hunt
          The TRUTH is out there,
          the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
          We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

          And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
          That's why he is made of Chocolate.


          • #6
            Thats some pretty good research on trove there hornet17.

            I can relate to the accuracy of much of that article tho` we used to go round our traps 3 times a day /morning and set as you go and shift a few on /late afternoon clear and reset / 10 o'clock at night clear and reset again. Usually in the company of one other person it was the kids job to carry the bag ...about 10 or so does it before moving the vehicle again.
            Traipsing around rabbit warrens in the dark with an old kero lantern ......don`t step on the traps and don`t fall into burrows or break through the tops of shallow ones...and don`t get lost or trap your fingers setting in the almost dark.

            I believe the reason or at least one reason to set about 2/3 of a meter out of the burrow is it gives a trapped rabbit just enough chain to get almost into the burrow and so it will not struggle as much and so not break off a leg and escape.
            Also on the jump up ledge is good so front foot catch preferably both feet is the objective.

            Most important do NOT TRIP FALL OVER OR BY ANY Other MEANS break the (*&^%$#ing lantern or your arse will be toast.

            Click image for larger version  Name: Views:	0 Size:	46.7 KB ID:	318353

            PS : more research on trove for your next interesting article Hornet17.
            May i suggest where do they get the little green bubbles that go into spirit levels and ow are they captured ?.

            I was told as a kid that they are MERMAIDS FARTS but I call fake news on that one.....cant fool all the people all the time
            Last edited by NoFerals; 04-12-2020, 06:26 PM.
            Don’t poke the snake, walk around it and come back later with a double-barrelled shotgun and blow its [email protected]#!ing head off!.

            Australia in future, the outcome is the same, a bloody dictatorship run on the whims of a very few ego-centric pathological elitists.


            • #7
              Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), Wednesday 27 October 1943, page 3

              Crocodile Hunt

              A crocodile hunt, hut after a while not much fun. A soldier up North to Betty Mosley, Cotton St., Latrobe:
              WE went on a shooting trip last
              week, and took some abo-rigines as guides. We went into no-man's land, and the aborigines, on an improvised raft, went out on the lagoon and chased the croco-diles inshore.
              We got fed up shooting them, as they were small, but there was one about 12ft. long on the other bank. We lined up and let him have it. We also got some buffalo and a few ducks,
              Fee of 2/6 to Miss Mosley.

              Trove -

              Next week - Sat 19 Mar 1938 'A CROCODILE HUNT'
              The TRUTH is out there,
              the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
              We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

              And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
              That's why he is made of Chocolate.


              • #8
                Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), Saturday 19 March 1938, page 19

                'A CROCODILE HUNT'

                By "BUFFALO"

                OUT of the semi-darkness at the back of the camp-fire stepped three superbly-muscled savages, with white ochre lines criss-crossing their Splendid black bodies from head to foot, their lank, matted locks kept back from their eyes by bands of plaited hair.

                THEY were fully prepared for the coming hunt, down to the min-utest detail. They had even doused the perspiration centres of their bodies under arms, buttocks, and thighs — with coatings of mud, so that the quarry would not gain even a whiff of man-scent. They were not the usual concep tion of natives. They wore not the dirty, half starved, dejected hangers-on at outlying stations, content to work now and then for a modicum of tucker and "baccy." These were full-blooded, primitive Territory men, arrogant, healthy and happy, wild and free as the buffalo among the lush grasses along the river flats. They carried several beautifully balanced game-spears, with a long stone knife stuck in a girdle of crocodile hide. Warriors, all of them, powerful and enduring as the animals they hunted. Casey, one of the white shooters, flung a few sticks on to the fire as dawn crept up over the river and grassed flats in a tentative shade of pastel red. Grins split ebony faces, and the wild man gestured to the rifles stacked against a stump out side the tent. Casey answered the grins, and put the billy on to boil.

                "You have seen the long ones?" He spoke in the dialect of the Roper people. He was bronzed, middle-aged, tough as saddle leather, and in the buffalo and "croc." shooting game more for the sheer love of adventure than for what he got for the hides. Carstens was the same, typically bush-wise, and conversant with dialects from Darwin to the Peninsula. Worthy, silent men. . . pioneers of a great country. "The tide was low when we crossed," said one of the myalls. CROSSING CROCODILE-INFESTED RIVERS THE while men prepared break-fast , thinking over the genera-tions of peerless bushcraft that had gone into the make-up of these perfect sausages. How long would it have token a white man to find out for himself that it is safe to cross a "croc'' river at low tide?

                By "BUFFALO" Of course, the saurians are still there, but they do not seem to worry about their appetites just then. Another method popular with the Myalls works on the principle that a "croc" will attack only the last person in a line. Hence, Binghi crosses rivers in the order of importance when the whole tribe is on "walkabout." The old men go first, then come the children and young gins, young bucks, and finally, the old women, who are of no import ance. Not to be outdone, Mary trains her dogs to follow her. Which, after all, is sound reasoning, for crocodiles love dog meat. "Eat!" said Casey, when breakfast was ready, and the three Myalls made no bones about accepting the invitation. Any "tucker" is "good p'fella tucker" to a Myall, but "white man's tucker" ranks highest, probably, like the apple on top of the tree, because it is harder to get. At the close of the meal, White Binghi wiped greasy fingers in matted hair, Casey and Carstens looked to the .303's, and filled the cartridge belts, round their waists. The blacks stood silently by, for your true wild man speaks very little. It does not seem necessary. CONCEALED THE cavalcade passed through the lush jungle growth just as the first line of sun-spears tipped across the horizon. The night's dew had been heavy, and the bottoms of the white men's trou-sers flapped suddenly. The party passed through luxuriant liana and lawyer-vine scrub, the long, spiny tendrils on the lawyer-vines ripping the threads from the khaki shirts. The black boys, naked except for a sporran of grass, dangling

                from their waists, strode heedlessly along the suspicion of a game trail, walking noiselessly on the carpet of leaves and twigs, their black hides spurning the scratch and bite of the lawyer-vines. Nothing was said, although had they been alone, Carstens and Casey would have conversed. The blacks did not expect conversation on the hunt, especially about the expectations of a good bag, for tradition, superstition, or custom forbids such gossip on the ground that certain spirits looking after the welfare of the game listen-in and then report proceed-ings to the intended quarry. They left the jungle growth, and emerged out on the well-grassed river flats, concealing themselves like snakes in the grass, at the base of a gnarled tree. The tide had turned, and Casey had full expectation of an early shot. On the other side of the river the mud-banks were covered with a multi-tude of water-fowl, cranes, ducks, geese, while a superb black swan glided serenely in a little back-water. Casey began to wish for the 12-gauge when suddenly the natives tensed. One of them grabbed at a white arm, and pointed. Two black mobs seemed to be mov-ing gently across the surface of the water toward the unsuspecting swan, which calmly made its stately way to the mud-bank. The little black mobs were unmistakable. They were the raised nostrils of a crocodile, and judging by their size, he was a fine big specimen. DEATH ! THE swan made the mud-bank safely, and proceeded to strut up and down. The black nobs slid nearer, under a patch of over hanging mangroves. Slowly, almost imperceptibly, ap-peared a horrible, blunt snout, then two beady eyes, almost covered by an overlap of thick hide. Then the whole head appeared, always behind

                the cover of the mangroves . . . death on four squat legs. The swan and the other wild fowl saw and heard nothing. The saurian took care of that. Two thick, short, clawed legs took a grip on the mud-bank. Half the body was levered out of the water . . . then all of its huge, scaly, lumpy length. Terrible teeth flashed back the rays of the climbing sun. The reptile flattened out, now com-pletely on the mud-bank, still hidden by the mangroves, though the watchers could see it perfectly. It slowly turned lengthwise, and inched towards the water-fowl, presenting now a fine target. Casey nodded to Carstens. The muzzles of the .303's edged through the grasses . . , and crashed in a rolling tattoo of sound that sent the water-fowl into the air with a whir of frightened wings. Half a dozen game spears hurtled after them, and two fat geese crumpled and fell transfixed. "The croc's dead!" said Casey, nodd-ing at the still length of the saurian. It had not moved — the two heavy slugs had smashed into the heart just at the side of the left foreleg. The "boys" were jubilant as chil-dren, and, heedless of probable mates of the reptile, plunged across the river. Then began the skinning and cutting-up, and, under the expert hands of the blacks, the job took only a few minutes. They returned with the reeking hide; it was a beautiful pelt, good leather, up to 16 feet. The blacks then searched for eggs, and managed to find a nest concealed under a pile of humus and silt. The egga were rubbery and rank-looking, but the "boys" ate some raw, pro-nouncing them fine. The eggs are edible enough, but a white stomach has to be strong to keep them down. Casey made farther up the river, but saw no more crocodiles, although he struck plenty of fresh spoor. Carsten followed him, and they shot half-a-dozen geese. When the sun climbed overhead, the Myalls abruptly left, taking with them several geese and the meat of the crocodile. There are no game laws to be wor-ried about in the Territory, and it is a hunter's paradise. If it were not the last few Myall tribes would have dis appeared, like their brothers nearer civilisation.

                In the HAUNTS of PRIMITIVE , x MAN

                Trove -

                Next week - Hunting Comparisons and a special twist

                The TRUTH is out there,
                the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
                We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

                And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
                That's why he is made of Chocolate.


                • #9
                  Maybe you know these guys ??

                  The Bulletin with Newsweek, Call Number NX 252 Created/Published Sydney : Australian Consolidated Press, 1984-2008IssueVol. 106 No. 5437 (9 Oct 1984)

                  Hunting comparisons

                  I am writing as a concerned Australian
                  bowhunter. I have purchased a copy of
                  The Bulletin (September 1) in which
                  was published an article by Brian
                  Jackman, “The bow is back with a ven-
                  geance.” By the text of the story, I can
                  see that the author has no knowledge or
                  even went to the trouble to find out any
                  details of bowhunting other than what
                  he saw from one instance or from what
                  he was told.
                  The bow and arrow is one of the
                  most deadly weapons in the hands of
                  the right person. I was a rifle-shooter for
                  many years till I took up the challenge
                  of the bow and arrow and I know, like
                  many hundreds of other devoted bow-
                  hunters, that a rifle doesn’t always
                  give a clean kill. A hit from a bullet on
                  impact blows tissues and bone to pieces
                  leaving an animal in a lot of pain and,
                  if not shot through the heart or brain,
                  will live for hours in agony.
                  A seminar in the United States last
                  year, attended by five surgeons who are
                  bowhunters, came up with the same
                  conclusion that a razor-sharp
                  broadhead collapses the lung and the
                  only pain felt is that of yourself having
                  the wind knocked out of you. Some ani-
                  mals have been shot through the chest
                  and never felt the arrow go through and
                  keep feeding till the body is drained of
                  the blood then collapse dead.
                  If a broadhead fails to get a killing
                  shot, the wound would heal up in a few
                  days. A bullet wound with a rifle, if not
                  a killing shot, leaves the animal in a lot
                  of pain to die a slow death of lead pois-
                  I am not one-sided, as it may seem,
                  but I have had the experience of both
                  types of hunting and that is why I am
                  The story by Brian Jackman will or
                  has already put bowhunting backwards
                  in Australia.
                  In Australia, we also hunt buffalo by
                  the code of ethics put down by the Aus-
                  tralian Bowhunting Association and
                  that is a bow with draw weight of 65 lb
                  (about 29.5 kg) or more and have a letter
                  of competence from your state control-
                  ler; also a back-up man with a high-
                  powered rifle in case of emergencies.
                  No buffalo shot by a bowhunter has had
                  to experience the alternative because of
                  the proximity of the shot, 25 to 30
                  metres. At this distance, a bowhunter
                  can place an arrow within centimetres
                  of a good quick killing shot. I have seen
                  a goat shot at 180 metres that never felt
                  anything. It went straight down, a shot
                  through the lungs. A buffalo usually
                  goes down within 20 seconds if both
                  lungs are collapsed.

                  MICHAEL W. HOGAN
                  Dungowan NSW

                  The killing system

                  I read with interest Brian Jackman’s
                  article on bowhunting in Africa. While I
                  marvel at the technological improve-
                  ments to a primitive weapon, I can see
                  no sense in this barbaric “sport” es-
                  pecially when no use is made of the ani-
                  mal after it is dead. Inflicting hideous
                  wounds on animals with stainless steel
                  arrows in the name of sport suggests
                  that European hunters have psychologi-
                  cal abnormalities and confused egos.
                  Bowhunting was developed among
                  Africans as a means of obtaining food
                  and latterly as a means of silently
                  poaching elephants for their ivory, in
                  such places as Tsavo National Park in
                  Kenya. It may be of interest to some
                  readers to know that the Waliangulu
                  (referred to in the article as the ‘Wata,’
                  for reasons best known only to the au-
                  thor) painted their arrows with a black
                  tar-like substance refined from the latex
                  of the Acokanthera bush. This plant
                  contains a toxic glycocide known as
                  “ouabain” to which there was no known
                  antidote. The lethal effect was caused by
                  coagulation of the blood and constric-
                  tion of the heart muscle tissue.
                  Ouabain (a word derived from the
                  Somali name “ouabaio” for the plant)
                  was very poorly absorbed by the lining
                  of the intestines and was therefore said
                  to be orally non-toxic. This phenom-
                  enon explained why the drug was al-
                  ways delivered intra-muscularly. Most
                  African arrow poisons contained car-
                  diotoxic substances that had immediate
                  effect on the heart, terminating in
                  serious incapacitation and eventual
                  It is ironic to think that ouabain’s
                  constructive (or destructive) properties
                  depended greatly on its administrative
                  dose. When given in large doses, it
                  forced the victim’s heart into a state of
                  fibrillation that caused eventual death.
                  In the case of a man or an animal of
                  similar weight, this was only a matter of
                  about half-an-hour (much longer for an
                  elephant!). Ouabain given under medi-
                  cal supervision in small doses, like other
                  cardiac glycocides, had the effect of
                  stimulating the contractive forces of a
                  heart suffering congestive failure. This
                  enabled the heart to expel blood into the
                  arteries more effectively.

                  MARK WARWICK
                  Riverton WA

                  Trove -

                  Next Week -
                  Last edited by 17Hornet; 09-01-2021, 09:35 PM.
                  The TRUTH is out there,
                  the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
                  We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

                  And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
                  That's why he is made of Chocolate.


                  • #10

                    Mercury and Weekly Courier (Vic. : 1878 - 1903), Friday 6 April 1900, page 2

                    FRIDAY, APRIL 6TH, 1900. A SITE FOR A RIFLE RANGE.

                    In a previous issue we referred to the desirability of taking immediate action to secure a good range for rifle clubs at Heidelberg with a view of making this place a centre for practice by members of the Collingwood, Fitz-roy, and Richmond clubs. If arrange-ments could be made, so that from 100 to 200 riflemen from the big centres of population would be induced to come to Heidelberg for practice on Wednes-day and Saturday afternoons local tradesmen and others would receive a direct benefit, whilst the district generally would gain increased popu-larity and be brought more into promi-nence. The sub-committee appointed by the Heidelberg Rifle Club to collect information regarding the most suitable sites for a Heidelberg range have selected two for consideration-one near the Banyule homestead, where there is an old iron target, and one at the rear of the cricket ground at the racecourse hill. The latter is not only an admirable site, from a marksman point of view, but is within easy dis-tance of the railway station. We understand the council is to be ap-proached at its next meeting on the subject, and Mr. Blanchard's consent is to be obtained. Of course there may be objections on the part of ratepayers, but if proper safeguards are taken and precautionary measures adopted in ac-cordance with the Defence depart-ment's regulations there will be no real danger. In order to place the matter clearly before the ratepayers interested it may be as well to furnish a summary of the regulations framed by the Government. Very great care is taken, and it is provided that in a level country there must be a clear space of a mile in the rear of the targets upon which the shots that miss the targets may expend themselves, and even with that distance it is deemed in the high-est degree imprudent to have the line of fire directed upon any dwelling or place which might be frequented when firing was going on. The Martini-Henry rifle will carry 3000 yards, and sometimes ricochet for a distance of a mile in level country. On a plain, therefore, a wall or mound must be constructed behind the targets to a height of 30 feet, unless there is a clear space free from the possibility of en-croaching for at least, the distance mentioned above. The sites selected in Heidelberg both have a back ground of steep hills, and thus the regulations as to level country do not apply, but it is further provided that to be of use in stopping stray bullets, and thereby in-sure the safety of the public, the hill should rise at an angle of 45 degrees,

                    or be cut out to that angle of slope, at least for a vertical height of 30 feet. If at a smaller angle it would, instead of acting as a stop, increase the chance of a ricochet, and therefore be unsafe. The angle of slope on the hill at the bottom of Brown-street at the rear of the cricket ground has a greater angle of slope and a greater vertical height than required. In addition it is the intention of the promoters of the move-ment in Heidelberg to throw up side-ramps and in every way guard against danger. The range must be approved of by the Defence Department before it can be used, and this in itself is a guarantee that the safety of the public will be insured. The following regula-tions, taken from the musketry regulations for the army, must be strictly adhered to: "No practice shall take place until a large red flag and red ball is hoisted on a long signal staff in a conspicuous place, and sentries or look-out men are posted to warn persons against crossing the range. " The look-out man, whose position should be such that he can observe the ground in rear of the butt while him-self well clear of the line of fire, must lower the large red flag on the signal staff should any person or animal come within the line of fire behind the tar-gets, when firing must immediately cease, and a red flag, called the danger flag, be raised both in the marker's butt and at the firing point. When the line is clear, the look-out man will raise the flag on the signal staff, whereupon the danger flag will be lowered both at the butt and at the firing point, and then firing may re-commence. "No man shall fire until the previ-ous shot has been signalled. "Firing shall cease at once and the danger flag be raised at the firing point immediately the red flag is raised at any of the markers' butts, or if any person or animal appears in front of the firing party; nor shall any firing proceed until the marker has lowered his. If firing with breech-loading rifles, any man who is loaded will im-mediately withdraw the cartridge from his ride when the firing is interrupted. "The marker in the butt must be warned to raise his red danger flag whenever it is is necessary to stop the firing, either to re color or patch the target, to examine it in order to ascer-tain the result of the last shot, or on account of danger. He must be care-ful not to move from his butt until sufficient time has been given to observe his signal, and he is satisfied that the answering signal has been given from the firing point. "The danger flag must always be carried by the marker when he finds it necessary to leave his butt." If there are any timid ratepayers who consider notwithstanding all the pre-cautions taken-rifle shooting in their vicinity is undesirable they will be well within their rights in objecting, and they should be given the fullest oppor-tunity to lodge such objections, but in view of the benefit that would result to the district from the establishment of a good, and easily accessible range, we trust no opposition, frivolous or capricious, will be offered. At the Heidelberg court on Monday Patrick Donovan was fined 5s. for neglecting to send his children to school, and Mark Saltau, Chares F. Blair and Mary A. Stebbings were summoned by Inspector Burton and fined the usual amounts for driving without lights. A couple of debt cases concluded the business. A meeting of the Heidelberg branch (A.N.A.) committeemen and Fairfield and Alphington members will be held this (F'riday) esening at the residence of Dr. A. A. Brown. Fairfield, in con nection with the holding of a concert in the local Public Hall on the 2nd prox. It will be observed by advertisement elsewhere that the Heidelberg Public Library has been opened to the public for three months, and consequently a second quarter's subscription is now due. Subscribers are requested to for ward to the secretary without unneces sary delay amounts due for the ensuing term. Those intending to join as members should do so immediately in order to commence their subscriptions with the regular quarter. Tenders are invited in our adverti sing columns by the Heidelberg council for metal and horses and carts in the Greensborough riding. Tenders are invited by the sports committee of the Loyal Heidelberg Lodge, M.U.I O.O.F., for logs 20in. in diameter for the wood-chopping competition on Queen's Birthday. Par ticulars are given in an advertisement appearing elsewhere in this issue. The president of the Heidelberg shire (Cr. W. Holland, J.P.,) has con vened a public meeting, to be held in the Old England Hall, on Thursday, 19th inst., to form a rifle club and enrol members. (See advertisement elsewhere.) At the last meeting of the provisional committee appointed in connection with the rifle movement in this district it was decided that a sub committee be appointed to collect information regarding the establish ment of a range and to draw up a scheme as to ways and means, and to report to a general committee meeting to be held at the Sir Henry Barkly Hotel on Monday evening next, so as to be in a position to place facts and figures before the public meeting con vened by the president of the shire. At the latter gathering the amount of subscription and other particulars will be announced, and members will be sworn in.

                    A meeting of the Heidelberg and Eltham Railway Trust will be held at the shire offices, to-morrow (Saturday) afternoon, when a secretary will be appointed and probably steps will be taken relative to the floating of a tem porary loan of £4000. Although the promise of the Mini ster of Education to a deputation from the local board of advice on Wednes day that £1100 would be provided on next year's estimates for giving in creased accommodation at the Fairfield State School is satisfactory as far as it goes, it unfortunately does not go far enough. The Education Department cannot expect parents to acquiesce in having their children crowded into a school one-third too small for the num ber attending there at until the Govern ment slowly evolves its estimates and submits them to the prolonged ordeal of Parliamentary critiscism. The people of Fairfield are quite prepared to accept the assurance that increased accommo-dation will be forthcoming, but they, and we, are of opinion that temporary provision for housing the overflow attendance should be provided immedi ately. The Rose of Denmark tent, I.O.R, visited the Heidelberg tent on Monday evening, and a very pleasant couple of hours spent. A lengthy programme was gone through, the following items being admirably rendered :-Recita tion, Bro. O. Sweetland ; address, Supt. Rouch ; song, Bro. C. Clarkson ; song, Bro. P. Willis; recitation, Bro. Thomson; address, Supt, G. Sweet-land ; duet (piano and violin), Bros. Hart; comic song, Bro. C. Clarkson; comic sketches by Supt. Sweetland. During an interval refreshments were partaken of and games and pastimes were indulged in. The proceedings concluded with three cheers for the visitors and three more for the Queen. A meeting of the Heidelberg Rifle Club committee will be held at the Sir Henry Barkly Hotel on Monday even ing next, 9th inst. See advertisement elsewhere. The following donations of money and goods have been received towards the Collingwood Stall (Melbourne Hos-pital Bazaar) :-Per Mrs Beazley : W. D. Beazley, Esq., Mesdames Shelmer dine, Hughes, Langridge and Kreit-meyer, J. \Voolcock, P. Healey, £1 ls each; Mrs Lockwood 10s, Mrs Scott 6s ; donations of goods from Lady Snowden and others. Per Mrs Nic-hols: Cr. Shaw, Messrs F. Taylor and W. Nichols, £1 ls each ; employes of Denton Hat Mills, £5 17s 6d. Per Mrs Gahan : Cr. Gahan, Messrs R. Preston. Knott, McCully, £1 ls each ; Messrs P. Hanslow, Marshall R. F. Parker, and F. Stonie and Co., 10s each; small sums amounting to £1 16s. Per Mrs Crawford : Messrs J. McDougall, J. Munro, M. Winning, 10s 6d each; small sums amounting to £1 12s! goods from Foy and Gibson, Treadway and Co., W. Dodgshun and Co., and employes of Glasgow Shirt Factory. Per Mrs Moran : Small sums amounting to £1 6s 3d ; numer-ous donations of goods. Per Mrs T. Wood : Mr T. Wood £1 1s, Currie and Richards 10s ; small sums amounting to £1 11s 6d ; numerous donations of goods. Per Mrs Hickman : Gross of toys, also dolls and other goods. Per Miss Major: Small sums amounting to £1 5s 6d ; numerous donations of goods. Per Miss Muncks: Small sums £1 Is 6d, also number of goods. Per Mrs Perse : Donations of goods from Foy and Gibson, Leonard Cooper, Stewart and Robertson, etc. The pro-moters had a very successful meeting last Friday. All those who have goods should send them to the Collingwood town hall on or before Saturday (to morrow) 8th April. One of the effects of the opening of the direct railway line to Collingwood and Clifton Hill will be the improve-ment of the service between these points and Heidelberg, the terminus of the present Collingwood line. The "quick service" terminus is to be Clifton Hill but is it the intention of thIe department to augment the num-ber of passenger trains to be run right through from Flinders-street. The lo-calties which will benefit by this im-provement are Northcote South, Fair field Park, Alphington, Ivanhoe, and Heidelberg. The Railway Department has de-cided to open for traffic part of the Outer Circle line, which has been idle, between Ashburton and East Kew, on Ist May, Station buildings are to be on Mont Albert-road at a cost of £137,- ....

                    Trove - ing#

                    Next Week - Another range opens
                    The TRUTH is out there,
                    the Aliens think its a great joke on us.
                    We still believe in Santa, but eat the Easter Bunny

                    And the Easter Bunny tastes SO GOOD !!
                    That's why he is made of Chocolate.